JSC Arfa ("Harp")
The story of the creation of Arfa (the former Lunacharsky
Factory) goes back to distant past. In 1818 on the Bolshaya Wulfova
street (today known as Chapaev street) a native of Saxonia named
K. Schreder has built a factory called K. Schreder's First Russian
Piano Steam Factory. Schreder's factory made grand pianos for concerts
and salons. At first, 170 workers were employed at the factory. By 1885
their number has grown to 200, with the yearly production of instruments
at 500 to 550. Highly qualified woodcutters were working at Schreder's
factory, it was equipped by the most advanced machinery of the time.
Schreder was the first man in Russia to use steam power for the making of
musical instruments. Schreder's instruments have gained a high reputation
in Russia and began to be known in the West. They have received high
awards at exhibitions. Schreder himself, a cavalier of the Legion of Honour
Order, was awarded the "Emperor's Court Supplier" title.
Time has gone by. Schreder's successors have continued to expand
the factory's production. During the first years of the 20th century the
factory's equipment was fully renovated, new machines were installed.
During World War I the manufacturing of instruments was reduced, as
the country's war needs were being serviced. In 1918 Schreder's factory was nationalized
by the Northern region's Council of National Property. By 1922 it was named
after the Public Education Commissar A.V. Lunacharsky.
In 1948 the factory has begun to make harps. The harp is among the most
beautiful and complex musical instruments. The production process is quite unique
and there is no other factory in Russia to do this.
In 1955 new production facilities were built in order to increase the output of
instruments. Beginning from 1954 instuments produced by the factory, including
balalaikas, guitars, harps and folk instruments were exhibited in Leipzig, Vienna,
Lyon, Copenhagen and Beijing. They were sold at international fairs in Italy,
Yugoslavia, Greece, Iceland and Syria. They have received both national and
international prizes and diplomas.
In 1960 the factory's guitars have been awarded the All-Russian Economic
Accomplishment Exhibition's silver and bronze medals.
In 1968 they have received the gold medal at the same contest.
In 1969 the factory's 12-string guitar has received the contest's bronze
In 1988 the factory's guitars received a diploma at the International
Classical Guitar Contest in Czechoslovakia.
In 1993 the factory was privatized and received its new name, Arfa. Yet the
factory's traditions have not changed with the new name. Unique instrument-makers,
that have been laureates of many national contests, are currently working at the factory.
New technologies and instrument models are constantly being worked out. Arfa continues
to participate in worldwide fairs and exhibitions.
The first international exhibition of the factory's instruments was held in
1995. A diploma and a laureate's title was awarded to the factory for high-quality
In 1997 an international award "for quality and technical advancement" was
received in Madrid.
Arfa is an well-known exporter of plucked string instruments. Arfa's musical
instruments have for 180 years been sounding in many parts of the world, giving joy
to those playing and hearing.
Our telephone:(812) 233-4643
Fax: (812) 232-5106